Speech and language therapy is the process of enabling people to communicate to the best of their ability. Communication involves listening, speaking, reading and writing. Some people use sign language, communication aids or other methods to communicate.
Speech and language therapists work closely with families, carers and members of other professionals including doctors, physiotherapists and teachers. Most speech and language therapists work in hospitals or clinics but some work in independent practice, in research and education, or in schools.
Speech and language therapists assess the nature of the client's problem, and then provide treatment, advice and support. Assessment is concerned with determining the extent of the communication problem. This would include formally or informally assessing difficulties in understanding language, using language and/or articulating speech. Assessments may also focus on determining problems related to feeding, chewing, swallowing, stammering and voice problems.
Ongoing care is often determined by and adapted to the presenting problem. Therapy focuses on developing various skills, which would enable a child to communicate to the best of his/her ability.